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Longitudinal Studies of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection in Vector Mosquitoes in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, South India

N. Arunachalam, U. S. N. Murty, D. Narahari, A. Balasubramanian, P. Philip Samuel, V. Thenmozhi, R. Paramasivan, R. Rajendran, B. K. Tyagi
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/033.046.0331 633-639 First published online: 1 May 2009

Abstract

A 4-yr (2002–2006) entomological study was carried out in Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh state, south India, to identify the mosquito vectors of Japanese encephalitis virus (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus, JEV). In total, 37,139 female mosquitoes belonging five genera and 18 species resting on vegetation were collected in villages and periurban areas at dusk. Mosquito species composition and pattern of JEV infection in mosquitoes varied in periurban and rural areas. In periurban area, Culex gelidus Theobald was abundant, msking up 49.7% of total catch followed by Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles (44.5%). In rural area, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus was predominant, making up 78.9% of total catch followed by Culex quinquefasciatus Say (10.8%), Anopheles subpictus Grassi (7.1%), and Cx. gelidus (1.1%). In light trap collections, Cx. gelidus and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus predominated in periurban and rural areas, respectively. Of 50,145 mosquitoes screened JEV isolations were made only from Cx. gelidus and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus. Based on high abundance and frequent JEV isolation, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus was found to be the principal vector in both areas, whereas Cx. gelidus plays a secondary vector role in periurban areas only.

  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Culex tritaeniorhynchus
  • Culex gelidus
  • Kurnool
  • south India
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